Can Vaping Cause Gum Disease?

Vaping gum disease

The short answer is yes, vaping can cause gum disease. And research has shown this, among other health issues.

This article will explore the connection between e-cigarettes and oral/gum health using research studies.

Vaping has become a popular alternative to smoking and is widely considered to be ‘safer’ than traditional cigarettes. But, like all things, there are still risks associated with vaping, and one of them is gum disease.

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth. It’s caused by bacteria in plaque, a sticky film that builds up on teeth. Over time, this can lead to swelling, redness and bleeding gums, as well as receding gums and loose teeth.

Common symptoms include:

  • Swollen, red or tender gums
  • Gums that bleed when brushing or flossing
  • Loose teeth
  • Persistent bad breath (halitosis)
  • Receding gums and/or shifting teeth

We’ve covered gum disease in detail in another article which you can find here.

How Does Vaping Cause Gum Disease? (With research studies)

Vaping gum disease

Vaping has been linked with negative effects on the mouth, including gum disease.

Studies have found that the chemicals in e-cigarettes and other vaping devices can cause inflammation and oxidative stress in the body. This can lead to damage to the cells in your gums and increase your risk of developing gum disease.

One study published in the Journal of Periodontology found that people who use e-cigarettes are more likely to have gum disease than non-users. The study also found that the severity of gum disease increased with the frequency of e-cigarette use.

Another study published in the Journal Tobacco Control found that vaping can cause changes in the oral microbiome, the collection of bacteria that live in your mouth. These changes can increase your risk of developing gum disease and other oral health problems like bad breath.

The aerosols from e-cigarettes contain potentially harmful substances that irritate gum tissue which can cause it to become inflamed and vulnerable to infection.

In addition to direct damage to gums, there is evidence that vaping may contribute to gum disease by increasing levels of nicotine in the saliva which can impair the body’s ability to fight infection.

Does vaping cause gum disease
Source: Electronic Cigarettes and Oral Health. (

Saliva plays a key role in keeping your mouth healthy. It helps to remove food particles and bacteria from the teeth which can lead to plaque build-up and eventually, gum disease.

Can vaping cause cancer?

Cancer Research state “There is no good good evidence that vaping causes cancer“. So today, we can say no it doesn’t – but this doesn’t mean things can change tomorrow. More research is needed to be able to definitively answer this question.

However, it is true that vaping exposes you to harmful chemicals and higher levels of toxic metals like nickel, lead, chromium, and arsenic – all of which are linked to serious health conditions including cancer.

Although the amount of them present in vaping are far lower, they are still harmful to inhale.

What You Can Do to Protect Your Gum Health?

Fortunately, there are ways to reduce gum disease risk from vaping. The first is, of course, to quit vaping altogether!

But if that’s not an option, here are some tips for reducing your risk:

  • Brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste
  • Floss daily
  • Visit your dentist regularly for check-ups and cleaning
  • Drink plenty of water to help keep your mouth hydrated and reduce inflammation
  • Supplement with dental probiotics:

Dental probiotics are beneficial bacteria that help to crowd out the harmful bacteria in your mouth and keep it healthy.

They’ve been shown to significantly boost oral health and reduce the risk of gum disease. Find out more here.

The Bottom Line: Vaping Does Cause Gum Disease

So yes, vaping can contribute to gum disease and other oral health issues. The best thing you can do is to quit vaping altogether or, at the very least, take steps to protect your gum health.

Good oral health is a key part of overall wellbeing, so don’t forget to take care of your teeth and gums!

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